stripImg

The characteristics of Sangiovese: grapes, wine and pairings

  • 05/02/2021

Sangiovese is the king of Italian red wines. Also known as Brunello, Prugnolo Gentile, Guarnacciola (in Benevento), Niella (in Corsica) and Tuccanese (in Puglia), it is the most widespread and versatile red grape variety in Italy.


​History of Sangiovese and origin of the name

Giovanni Vettorio Soderini was the first person who mentioned Sangiovese. He was a Tuscan agronomist, who wrote a treatise on viticulture as early as 1600, citing Sangiovese with the name "Sangiogheto". However, the origin of the name "Sangiovese" is unknown.

One of the more widespread tale says that the name was given to it by the monks of a monastery on Mount Giove in Santarcangelo di Romagna, who poured the wine they produced - evidently from Sangiovese grapes - to an excellent guest. He was really impressed by the quality of the wine and the bright red color and he asked for its name. But the monks had never thought of giving it a name and so, with a little improvisation, they replied "blood of Jupiter".

Other people says that the name Sangiovese derives from “Sangiovannese", that means a native of San Giovanni Valdarno, in Tuscany. It's true that Sangiovese grape was already widespread in the Etruscan era and it is also true that its origins come from the south of Italy: a DNA analysis in fact determines that it was born from a spontaneous cross between Ciliegiolo and Calabrese di Montenuovo.


The characteristics of Sangiovese

It is a late variety grape with a good adaptability and a tendency to overproductions. It has medium-sized, three-lobed or five-lobed leaves, light green in color; the berry is medium-large, ovoid with a regular shape. The skin is purplish tending to black, very rich in bloom. Like many red grape varieties, it produces better if growned in clayey-calcareous soils rich in skeleton.

The versatility of this grape is remarkable: under the right environmental conditions Sangiovese gives extremely fine wines with great longevity, but it is also possible to make daily wine, less demanding. It can also be used for sparkling and passito wines.

Sangiovese wines are alcoholic, concentrated and able to aging over time. In less hot years acidity and tannin must be kept under control, which is why cutting is frequently used to mitigate some typical varietal impetus. The first typical smell of Sangiovese is a hints of plum, cherry and blackberry and then it can have a smell of vanilla, coffee and cocoa deriving from the barrel wood in which Sangiovese aged.


​How to pair Sangiovese

The ideal pairing of Sangiovese range from first courses to meat sauces, grilled and baked red meats. The “reserve" wines express the best in terms of structure and aromas, and can also be combined with game (baked wild boar).


Sangiovese wines

Sangiovese Grosso grape produces wines that are considered the best Italian and world red wines, together with Nebbiolo grape in Piedmont. Sangiovese is vinified pure 100% or blended often with Cabernet Sauvignon in Tuscany or with native southern grapes in the southern regions.

Brunello di Montalcino is produced with 100% Sangiovese Grosso, while it is the basis of Chianti and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano in Tuscany, as well as it is the base of others excellent wines such as Morellino. In Umbria it is the base for Torgiano and Montefalco wines, while in the Marche it is an essential part of Rosso Piceno and Rosso Conero. Concerning Vino Nobile, Sangiovese is called Prugnolo Gentile, but it is the same grape variety.


Spreading of Sangiovese grape in Italy and abroad

Sangiovese is a very widespread grape variety in Italy, the most widespread along with Barbera, with 11 percent of the growned areas of all red vines. Sangiovese Grosso is growned in the best areas to produce Brunello, Chianti and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano. Sangiovese Piccolo, much more widespread, is growned almost everywhere in central-southern Italy: Campania, Puglia and Sicily. It is also growned in Umbria, Marche, Lazio. Abruzzo, Sardinia, Lombardy and Valpolicella.

Emilia Romagna is the second largest region with Sangiovese vines, even if this grape has quite substantial differences with that of Tuscany. Italian emigration has brought Sangiovese to almost every corner of the planet. California seems to have fallen in love with Sangiovese in the 90s of the twentieth century, especially in Napa Valley.


Sangiovese in Montalcino area

The style of the various d.o.c. produced with Sangiovese is determined both by the different traditions but also by the regulations, by the soils and by the climate conditions. The four years of aging foreseen by the production disciplinary of Brunello di Montalcino allow to obtain an elegant wine. But this elegance is also given by the climate conditions: during harvest period in Montalcino it generally rains much less than in other areas of Tuscany, this has favored longer ripening which led to the selection of a biotype, the so-called Sangiovese grosso, different from the bunches on which modern selection is working (which generally looks for small and sparse bunches to extract as much as possible from the skin and have less risk of botrytic attacks) but capable to offer a lot of color, intense aromas and a great tannic structure.


La Poderina production

La Poderina is located in Montalcino in the area of Castelnuovo dell'Abate well known for the particular “elegance and balance" of its wines.

In accordance with business philosophy, fully centered into respect of tradition supported by innovation, in the vineyard, highly qualitative farming systems are adopted with yields of 60 quintals per hectare, well below the 80 quintals permitted by the Regulations.

Brunello is produced in two versions: "Poggio Abate" Brunello di Montalcino Riserva DOCG and Brunello di Montalcino DOCG. La Poderina also produces: Rosso di Montalcino DOC made with Sangiovese grape.

Those who visit the estate can deepen their knowledge of the Sangiovese grape variety booking an off-road vehicle visit to the vineyards of La Poderina with the guide of an agronomist.​

 

 

Underground Tuscany: a journey to discover quarries and mines19/04/2022 22:00:00Underground Tuscany: a journey to discover quarries and mineshttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/underground-tuscany-a-journey-to-discover-quarries-and-minesLet's discover the tradition of mines in Tuscany with some itineraries on the traces of mercury, lignite and chalcedony, between landscapes, flavors and hospitality20/04/2022 07:56:44033487Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT Landscape, good wine and art: Tuscany is aspx53htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/Miniere%20del%20Siele%20La%20Poderina.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2022-04-19T22:00:00Z
Easter in farmhouse, tips for spending three days in Tuscany10/03/2022 23:00:00Easter in farmhouse, tips for spending three days in Tuscanyhttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/easter-in-farmhouse-tips-for-spending-three-days-in-tuscanyDo you want to spend Easter in farmhouse in Tuscany? Here are some ideas on what to see in three days, where to stay and taste local wines11/03/2022 12:36:15030326Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT These first tastes of spring invite you aspx83htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/Monticchiello%20di%20Pienza.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2022-03-10T23:00:00Z
Tuscany on the road: 4 fabulous routes to do by motorbike24/02/2022 23:00:00Tuscany on the road: 4 fabulous routes to do by motorbikehttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/tuscany-on-the-road-4-fabulous-routes-to-do-by-motorbikeLet's discover Tuscany together by motorbike thanks to 4 itineraries to admire the historical and naturalistic wonders of this region25/02/2022 13:36:56028783Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT When we talk about Tuscany, it is easy aspx374htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/La%20Poderina2.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2022-02-24T23:00:00Z
The 2021 harvest in the Tenute del Cerro? A vintage to remember in the name of quality27/01/2022 23:00:00The 2021 harvest in the Tenute del Cerro? A vintage to remember in the name of qualityhttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/the-2021-harvest-in-the-tenute-del-cerro-a-vintage-to-remember-in-the-name-of-qualityLet's find out how the 2021 harvest went in the Tenute del Cerro and which wines we will taste in the near future28/01/2022 11:27:35036486Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT In this case, however, it is not the aspx442htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/Uva%20La%20Poderina8.JPG" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2022-01-27T23:00:00Z
Discovering 3 suggestive natural spas in Tuscany, between history and wellness06/10/2021 22:00:00Discovering 3 suggestive natural spas in Tuscany, between history and wellnesshttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/discovering-3-suggestive-natural-spas-in-tuscany-between-history-and-wellnessFrom Chianciano Terme to Calidario Terme, passing through Bagno Vignoni: let’s discover the most fascinating natural spas in Tuscany07/10/2021 14:46:32031157Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT Rolling hills, elegant rows of cypresses aspx1499htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/bagno-vignoni.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2021-10-06T22:00:00Z
Moscadello di Montalcino DOC: the story of a sublime wine28/07/2021 22:00:00Moscadello di Montalcino DOC: the story of a sublime winehttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/moscadello-di-montalcino-doc-the-story-of-a-sublime-wineLet’s discover the origins and characteristics of Moscadello di Montalcino DOC, a sweet wine with unmistakable aromas, togheter with the wine maker Emanuele Nardi29/07/2021 08:17:09027781Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT A medieval village nestled in the aspx1730htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/Poderina%20Moscadello.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2021-07-28T22:00:00Z
Food and wine pairing: tasting tips14/07/2021 22:00:00Food and wine pairing: tasting tipshttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/food-and-wine-pairing-tasting-tipsLet's discover the secrets of the perfect food and wine paring and tasting tips together with the wine maker Emanuele Nardi 15/07/2021 14:42:08011607Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT How to pair food with wine: the advice aspx1572htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/Poderina.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2021-07-14T22:00:00Z
Wine tour in Tuscany: exploring wineries and countryside26/05/2021 22:00:00Wine tour in Tuscany: exploring wineries and countrysidehttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/wine-tour-in-tuscany-exploring-wineries-and-countrysideDiscovering the Tuscan wineries following the most interesting wine tours27/05/2021 08:50:07012278Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT Tuscany is a land to be discovered with aspx1550htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/La%20Poderina00016.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2021-05-26T22:00:00Z
On the roads of the most famous Tuscan wines: an itinerary between taste and nature05/05/2021 22:00:00On the roads of the most famous Tuscan wines: an itinerary between taste and naturehttps://www.tenutedelcerro.it/en/estates/la-poderina/news/on-the-roads-of-the-most-famous-tuscan-wines-an-itinerary-between-taste-and-natureA trip to Tuscany discovering the most famous wines of the area06/05/2021 06:11:06012210Fattoria del Cerro La Poderina Monterufoli Colpetrone Tenuta di Montecorona O' di Còlpetrone Pian di Seta Vermentino di Toscana Bio IGT "I do believe that those men are most aspx1503htmlFalseaspx<img alt="" src="/it/PublishingImages/News/Brunello%20ambientata.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />2021-05-05T22:00:00Z